Kubernetes and Containerization Trends in 2024

Kubernetes Trends

Kubernetes trends in 2024 will be driven by its increasing maturity and complex use cases like AI/ML. Almost half of organizations surveyed expect over 50% growth in Kubernetes clusters. The skills shortage will lead to more outsourcing and a shift toward platform engineering replacing DevOps. Centralized management platforms will be crucial for consistency across decentralized environments. With growing security threats, cloud-native and Kubernetes security will receive great attention, favoring platforms with built-in security tools enabled by default. Cost optimization through FinOps principles and tools like Kubecost integrating into Kubernetes platforms is also predicted. Emerging areas include widespread SBOM adoption for software supply chain security.

Kubernetes has become a cornerstone of the cloud ecosystem, and its importance continues to grow with each passing year. The community’s efforts are paying off – now it’s not just tech giants with huge operations teams that can take advantage, but also relatively smaller companies.

This has partly become possible thanks to the rise of managed solutions and platforms like OpenShift and Deckhouse, which combine all the necessary tools for deploying, managing, and securing a cluster.

Unfortunately, the Kubernetes ecosystem still suffers from a number of issues (just think of the security threats). So what can we expect this year? What will it be like for the orchestrator?

Many industry experts believe 2024 will be another turning point. Kubernetes’ maturity and ability to handle increasingly complex use cases is perhaps most obvious in the AI and machine learning space.

Almost half (48%) of the specialists surveyed by VMware predict the number of Kubernetes clusters will grow by over 50% this year; another 28% expect a significant increase (20-50%).

The shortage of skilled professionals will lead organizations to prefer simple, low-maintenance technologies. Many will start outsourcing to companies like GART Solutions.

Kubernetes and Containerization Trends

Platform Engineering

Platform engineering will replace DevOps. The lack of specialists doesn’t allow DevOps practices to fully realize their potential. With this in mind, many organizations may revisit the DevOps model this year and turn to platform engineering as an alternative. The rapid development of cloud-native apps will lead to this new approach gradually replacing DevOps in many organizations.

Centralized Management Platform

With increasing decentralization, centralized management will become crucial. A centralized management platform will ensure consistency and reduce the time and effort spent managing distributed locations, devices and data.

Cloud-Native and Kubernetes Security

Great attention will be paid to the security of cloud-native and Kubernetes projects. Given that Kubernetes clusters aren’t secure by default, and the rise in threats and sophisticated attacks, companies in 2024 will increasingly need to re-evaluate their security approaches. Kubernetes platforms with built-in (and enabled by default) security tools will be popular.

These security threats can occur throughout the application lifecycle:

  • Nearly 45% of vulnerabilities occur during these stages, alongside runtime (49%).
  • A troubling 45% of respondents admitted to misconfiguration incidents, highlighting the need for strong security practices.
  • Another 42% discovered major vulnerabilities, indicating a lack of thorough security testing.

FinOps and Kubernetes

The issue of controlling cloud and Kubernetes costs will be addressed through automation and centralized management. FinOps cost control tools like Kubecost will increasingly integrate into Kubernetes platforms, enabling real-time cost monitoring and analysis in distributed environments.

Roman Burdiuzha, Co-Founder & CTO at Gart Solutions, shared his predictions for 2024. He believes this could be a key year for FinOps, as cloud spending has been growing rapidly in recent years and is gradually becoming a major expense for companies, second only to salaries.

FinOps practices will help optimize cloud spending. Additionally, cost management and FinOps are expected to become a default part of observability solutions.

Software Bill of Materials

Another major innovation, according to Roman Burdiuzha, will be the widespread adoption of SBOM (Software Bill of Materials) standards for software delivery. These include detailed information on the relationships between various components used in software, including libraries and modules from open and closed source, free and paid, publicly and privately available.

Here are a few more predictions

  • GitOps will reach maturity and “enter the plateau of productivity”, aided in part by the Argo and Flux projects reaching “graduated” status. Interestingly, these are among the fastest developing projects in the CNCF ecosystem.
  • OpenTelemetry is another promising area expected to make great strides in 2024. Recent open source velocity data shows OpenTelemetry ranks second only to Kubernetes, incredibly impressive for such a young project. It’s expected not just leading tech companies but many traditional enterprises will leverage this technology’s benefits.
  • WASM is projected to “become the dominant form of compute” in the near future. This will be driven by the technology’s use cases beyond browsers (e.g. edge compute, server workloads), including in the cloud ecosystem.
  • Kubernetes will experience a “Linux-style maturity moment”. There was a time when Linux was the domain of geeks only. But over time, the OS made its way to smartphones, cars, real-time systems and other devices. Kubernetes is undergoing a similar evolution, gradually migrating to new environment types it wasn’t originally intended for (e.g. embedded devices). New use cases drive innovation in Kubernetes and its ecosystem, just like with Linux.

Read more: Will Kubernetes Still Be Popular in 5-10 Years?


Looking further ahead, Gartner estimates that by 2026, over 90% of global organizations will run containerized applications in production, up from less than 40% in 2020. And by 2025, over 95% of new workloads will be deployed on cloud-native platforms, a significant increase from 30% in 2021.

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Is Kubernetes the future of container orchestration?

Kubernetes is a strong contender for the future of container orchestration due to its wide adoption, active development, and strong community support. However, other technologies may emerge in the future.

Will Kubernetes become too complex for everyday use?

While Kubernetes has a learning curve, efforts are underway to simplify deployments and management through tools like managed Kubernetes services and user interfaces.

How will Kubernetes handle the demands of next-generation workloads?

The Kubernetes project is constantly evolving to support new technologies like serverless computing and machine learning.

What role will security play in the future of Kubernetes?

Security will be a top priority. We can expect advancements in securing the supply chain, pod security policies, and role-based access control (RBAC).
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